The installation of a fire hose is often left to professionals. The permanent installation of a fire house within a building or alongside a building requires specific code qualities, are best installed with standard widths for apparatus attachments, and need a strong water source for propelling water far enough to make the fire hose an asset. It's not uncommon for a fire hose to spray foam instead of water, although storage considerations for foam do not make it viable solution for private buildings.
Homeowners have begun taking fire preparedness to a new level and some homeowners have begun installing their own fire hose in case of an emergency. Interestingly enough, many homeowners are providing their own installation and are noticing problems developing even before the fire hose is put to good use. The installation of a fire hose in a residential building is not a new concept. Apartment buildings have been installing them for decades and residents have access to these hoses should they need to douse a kitchen fire or small electrical fire. The installation of these hoses to apartment buildings has reduced the number of entire buildings that have gone up in flames from on apartment fire.
While a garden hose can be an effective source of water in a pinch, it is not all that useful as a fire hose. Garden hoses do not carry the same water pressure that a fire hose does, and thus can not reach as far and provides very little force. A fire hose carries anywhere from ten to one hundred times the power of a garden hose. It is this psi that effectively helps to cut a fire off at its knees.
The permanent installation of a fire hose in a residential home requires a bit of plumbing knowledge. The supply line to the hose must be accurately and carefully installed to ensure that it can handle the 100 to 300 psi of the common fire hose as poorly designed apparatus attachments can break under such pressure. The supply line also needs to provide adequate pressure, and be free from leaks as standing water in the hose can develop bacteria. Bacteria can lead to the destruction of the integrity of the hose and it can become useless in the event of an emergency.
Fire marshals and other safety inspectors are not convinced that adding fire hoses to individual homes is such a good idea. While the homeowner may wish to do everything in his or her power to save the family home, inspectors prefer that the residents of the building stay far enough away from the structure to be safe from falling debris. A house on fire tends to kick out large articles of debris, can have flames carried off by the wind and dropped several yards from the home, and exude quite a bit of thick, black smoke that can lead to smoke inhalation. Trying to save one's own home with a permanently installed fire hose keeps the homeowner close enough to the burning structure that injury or death become much more likely.