Fire extinguisher is one of the most efficient tools that prevent spreading of fire. There are several types of extinguishers used to put out fire. Each tool has a specific use. So it is important to have an in-depth knowledge of a fire extinguisher before purchasing it for home or office use.
Different Kinds of Fire Extinguishers
A fire extinguisher is available in many varieties. It is important to use the correct type of extinguisher to put out fire from different sources. Fire can be caused from short circuit of electricity, wood, oil, paper and so forth. Let us examine the different types of extinguishers in detail:
Water fire extinguisher: this is the commonly found extinguisher which is used to tackle fire which is flammable, generally the fire from wood and paper. It cannot be used to extinguish electric fire. Though it is available in various sizes, the usual size is 9 litres. The 6 litre cylinder is also used in many places. Along with the water extinguishers, the carbon dioxide extinguishers are also used.
Wet chemical extinguishers: the latest version of extinguishers launched in powder or foam type, it is quite efficient and quick in extinguishing fire caused due to cooking oil. It cannot be used to extinguish electric fires. The wet chemical extinguisher helps to cool down the temperature of the fire and rules out the chances of a re-ignition.
Carbon-dioxide extinguishers: this variety of extinguisher is used to extinguish electrical fires. It is not used in many places but is quite effective in areas where electric fire breaks out. The usual sizes of the cylinders are 2kg and 5 kg and it is often placed next to electrical equipments.
Powder fire extinguisher: these extinguishers are suitable for electric fires, flammable liquid and gas fires as well as flammable solid fires. These extinguishers are found in most of the buildings today and are seen in cylinders of 6kgs and 9kgs.
Foam extinguishers: the foam extinguishers are suitable for flammable solid and liquid fires. This is the most commonly used extinguisher and it is available in many varieties too. However it cannot be used to extinguish electrical fires.
How to use a fire extinguisher and where to place them
Using an extinguisher and placing them in an appropriate place is equally important to tackle fire. Special demonstrations can be availed along with the fire fighting system. It is important to install these devices in a place where people can easily find them. At homes, it should be placed where you can easily reach them in case of emergencies where as in office it is best to place them at exits and hallways.
Besides, it is also important to know how to use the device correctly. First, you need to pull and pin and unlock the device, then aim at the base of the fire and squeeze the handle. Use the device in a sweeping manner so that it extinguishes the fire from its base. Knowing how to use a fire extinguisher will surely help to save many lives and property.